Benfleet and Southend Marshes SPA and Ramsar
The Benfleet and Southend Marshes SPA site was classified on the 14th February 1994. It comprises a series of saltmarsh, mudflat and grassland habitats located on the north bank of the Thames Estuary. (For more detailed information visit the Joint Nature Conservation Committee's website (opens in a new window).
The Benfleet and Southend Marshes site qualifies under Article 4.2 of the EU Birds Directive as a designated SPA as it supports internationally important populations of regularly occurring migratory species. This includes Dark-bellied brent geese (Branta bernicla bernicla), knot (Calidris cantu), and grey plover (Pluvialis squantarola). This area also supports internationally important assemblages of waterfowl also covered under Article 4.2 of the Directive.
The Benfleet and Southend Marshes Ramsar site qualified under Ramsar Criterion 5 as it supports assemblages of internationally important waterfowl. It is also notified under Criterion 6 as species occurring at internationally important levels are recorded within the area.
The Regulation 33 advice for the Benfleet and Southend Marshes European Marine Site encompasses both the SPA and the Ramsar interest features. The conservation objectives for these sites are included within this document. The current conservation status for these sites are currently not available, however condition assessments of the component SSSI units of the Benfleet and Southend Marshes site are available.